Cannabis 101: A Beginner’s Guide

Cannabis 101: A Beginner’s Guide

What Is Cannabis?

Cannabis, also known as marijuana, has been used for centuries for medicinal, recreational, and spiritual purposes. It contains cannabinoids, such as CBD and THC, which interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. Recent research has unveiled its therapeutic benefits for conditions like chronic pain and epilepsy. Recreational use is common, with varying legal statuses worldwide. Cannabis also has a historical significance in spiritual practices, aiding altered states of consciousness. Despite controversy surrounding its health effects and societal impact, attitudes towards cannabis are evolving, shaping global policies.

Indoor Cannabis Flower
Outdoor Cannabis Flower

1. Cannabinoids


  • THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is psychoactive and responsible for the “high” associated with cannabis use.
  • It interacts with receptors in the brain and central nervous system.
  • THC alters neurotransmitter release, leading to euphoria, relaxation, and altered perception of time and space.


  • CBD (cannabidiol) is non-psychoactive and sought after for its potential therapeutic benefits.
  • It does not induce intoxication.
  • CBD interacts with various receptors in the body, contributing to its diverse range of potential medical applications, including pain relief, anxiety reduction, and inflammation reduction.

2. Consumption Methods

  • Smoking:

    • Dried cannabis flowers are commonly rolled into joints or smoked in pipes.
    • This method involves combustion, which releases cannabinoids and other compounds into the smoke, allowing for rapid absorption into the bloodstream through the lungs.
    • Smoking is favored by many due to its quick onset of effects, making it easier to control dosage and manage symptoms in real-time.


    • Vaporizing involves heating cannabis to a temperature that releases cannabinoids and terpenes without combustion.
    • This method produces a vapor rather than smoke, which is typically less harsh on the lungs and may preserve more of the plant’s flavor and medicinal compounds.
    • Vaporizers come in various forms, including portable handheld devices and tabletop units, offering users flexibility and control over their cannabis consumption experience.


    • Cannabis can be infused into various food and beverage products, providing an alternative consumption method for those who prefer not to smoke or vaporize.
    • Common edibles include baked goods, candies, chocolates, beverages, and savory snacks, each offering a discreet and convenient way to consume cannabis.
    • Edibles take longer to take effect compared to smoking or vaporizing, as cannabinoids must pass through the digestive system before entering the bloodstream, often resulting in a more prolonged and potent experience.


    • Cannabis-infused topicals come in the form of creams, balms, lotions, or patches applied directly to the skin.
    • These products are designed for localized relief and can be used to alleviate pain, inflammation, muscle soreness, and skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis.
    • Topicals work by interacting with cannabinoid receptors in the skin, providing targeted relief without producing psychoactive effects, making them suitable for those seeking therapeutic benefits without intoxication.


Each consumption method offers unique advantages and considerations, allowing individuals to tailor their cannabis experience to their preferences and medical needs. It’s essential to understand the effects and onset times associated with each method to make informed choices regarding dosage and consumption habits.

Joint with cannabis flower
edible gummies with pink background
Vaporizing Cannabis
Topical with Cannabis

Cannabis strains fall into three main categories, each offering distinct effects and characteristics:

  • Keywords: Relaxing, body high, sedative.
  • Characteristics:
    • Short, bushy plants.
    • Typically higher CBD content.
    • Best for relaxation, pain relief, and sleep.
    • Often associated with a “couch-lock” effect.
  • Indica Effects:

    • Relaxation: Indica strains are perfect for winding down after a long day.
    • Pain Relief: They can alleviate chronic pain and muscle tension.
    • Improved Sleep: Indicas promote restful sleep.
Understanding Indica vs Sativa
  • Keywords: Energetic, cerebral, uplifting.
  • Characteristics:
    • Tall, thin plants.
    • Higher THC content.
    • Ideal for daytime use.
    • May enhance creativity and focus.
  • Sativa Effects:

    • Euphoria: Sativas provide an uplifting, creative high.
    • Enhanced Focus: Great for daytime productivity.
    • Social Interaction: Sativas may boost sociability.
Outdoot Sativa
  • Keywords: Balanced, versatile.
  • Characteristics:
    • Mix of Indica and Sativa traits.
    • Varying THC/CBD ratios.
    • Widely available and diverse effects.
  • Hybrid Effects:

    • Customizable: Hybrids offer a blend of effects.
    • Balance: You can find strains tailored to your preferences.
Join Us for an Elevated 420 Celebration

Whether you’re a seasoned cannabis enthusiast or a curious beginner, understanding the basics is essential. Remember to start low and go slow, especially if you’re new to cannabis. Consult with a knowledgeable budtender at Haze Buds for personalized recommendations.

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